- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)—Dyslexia and ADHD are two very different conditions. One does not cause he other.
- Memory challenges-Difficulties in the ability to listen, remember, and repeat phonemes or words that are heard are associated with dyslexia. People with dyslexia typically have problems remembering the sounds in words long enough to match them with letters for spelling. Frequently, people with dyslexia often cannot remember 2-3 step directions.
- Math difficulties (dyscalculia) People with dyslexia have challenges learning mathematical concepts. Vocabulary can also be challenging. People with dyslexia may also find it difficult to recognize mathematical symbols, similar to the problems they have in learning written language. Solving word problems that are presented in sentence form can be particularly difficult.
- Impairments in executive functions. Executive functions are the ability to use a set of problem-solving skills to attain goals. This includes the ability to inhibit or defer a response; make a sequential, strategic plan of action; and commit relevant information to memory for future use. These abilities are necessary for organizational skills, planning, impulse control, selective attention, inhibition, and creative thinking.
- Emotional disorders- People with dyslexia are at increased risk for anxiety disorders, withdrawal, poor self-esteem, and depression.
- Behavior disorders People with dyslexia are at an increased risk for conduct disorders.